Essential Info for Ghana

Population: About 28 million

Capital city: Accra (also largest city)

Neighbouring countries: Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast to the west, Togo to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.  

Geography: Ghana is a geographically diverse country which encompasses plains, low hills, rivers and lakes. Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake. Ghana can be divided into four different ecoregions – the coastline, the forested plateau region consisting of the Ashanti uplands and Kwahu Plateau, the high plains in Northern Ghana, and the hilly Akwapim-Togo range on Ghana's eastern border. 

Political system: Presidential republic

Main languages: English (official) as well as a number of local languages, the most widely spoken of which is Asante.

Major religion: Christianity. All other religions are tolerated in Ghana and people are free to exercise the religion of their choice.

Money: The Ghana Cedi (GHS), divided into 100 pesewas. The US Dollar (USD) is widely accepted in the main cities and tourist areas. Many international banks are represented in Ghana. ATMs are commonplace in the cities but are harder to find in more rural locations. Ghana is a predominantly cash-based economy and due to the prevalence of credit card fraud, it is unwise to use cards too liberally. 

Tipping: While it is not protocol, a ten percent tip for good service is appreciated.

Time: GMT 

Electricity: 230 volts, 50 Hz. 'Type G' flat three-pronged and 'Type D' rounded three-pronged plugs are standard.

International dialling code: +233

Internet domain: .gh

Emergency contacts: 191 (police), 192 or 999 (fire) and 193 (ambulance). Emergency services are somewhat limited outside of major cities in Ghana.

Transport and driving: Cars drive on the right-hand side of the road in Ghana. While public transport networks do exist in Ghana, they are generally poorly developed. Within cities, taxis are an inexpensive way to get around.

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