Essential Info for Ecuador
Population: 16.8 million
Capital city: Quito
Neighbouring countries: Ecuador is bordered by Colombia to the north, Peru to the south and east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Geography: Ecuador has four distinct geographical regions – the Galápagos Islands, the western coastal area (La Costa), the central highlands (La Sierra) and the Amazonian basin (El Oriente).
Political system: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Major religions: Roman Catholicism
Main languages: Spanish
Money: Following a rapid devaluation of the Ecuadorian sucre, Ecuador officially changed its currency to the US dollar in 2001. ATMs are available all over the country. Expats may open a bank account with a local bank but extensive documentation is required.
Tipping: Service charges are usually already included in bills at restaurants, although an additional dollar or two may be given for exceptional service. Tipping is appreciated but not necessarily expected.
Time: GMT -5 and -6
Electricity: 120V, 60Hz. Plugs have two or three flat blades.
Internet domain: .ec
International dialling code: +593
Emergency contacts: 911
Transport and driving: Public transport in Ecuador consists mainly of a bus system. Cars drive on the right-hand side of the road.