Essential Info for the United Kingdom
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Population: Over 66 million
Capital city: London (also the largest city)
Other major cities: Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Leeds, Edinburgh, Manchester
Neighbouring countries: The UK shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland. It is separated from France by the British Channel. Other neighbouring countries include Belgium, Norway, Denmark and the Netherlands.
Geography: The UK is located off the northwestern coast of continental Europe. The majority of the UK is split across two islands – the island of Great Britain and the northeastern part of the island of Ireland. There are also a number smaller surrounding islands that make up the British Isles archipelago.
Major religions: Christianity
Political system: Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Main languages: English
Money: The currency of the UK is the British Pound Sterling (GBP) which is subdivided into 100 pence. In order to open a bank account in the UK, most banks require proof of a local address and a form of official identification, such as a passport.
Tipping: 10 to 15 percent of the bill if a service charge has not already been added.
Time: GMT (GMT+1 from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October.)
Electricity: 230 volts, 50Hz. Flat three-pin plugs are standard.
Internet domain: .uk
International dialling code: +44
Emergency contacts: 999 or 112
Transport and driving: Drive on the left-hand side. There is a variety of public transport options available in the UK and the transportation network is generally well-formed, both across the country and within most cities.