In comparison to most major European or North American destinations, the cost of living in Brazil is decidedly low. Out of 227 destinations worldwide, São Paulo ranked 152nd and Rio de Janeiro 171st in the 2023 Mercer Cost of Living Survey. In actuality, many expats are surprised to learn that, relative to salaries, the cost of living in these cities is actually pretty high. 

The dream of lying on a Brazilian beach sipping drinks from a coconut without a care in the world is quickly replaced by the reality of high prices – especially for expats not earning in a foreign currency. Of course, living in rural areas is significantly cheaper than living in the large cities.

Expenses vary widely across categories. In general, accommodation, transportation and manufactured goods are pricey. Food costs depend largely on whether expats decide to eat out or cook at home. Services are relatively inexpensive because labour costs are low throughout the country.

Brazil has made significant strides in moving people out of extreme poverty over the past decade and in increasing income inequality. However, there are still vast disparities in wealth between the richest and the poorest. Expats earning an international salary will be among the wealthy, and even expats getting a local salary will still likely find that they are firmly upper-middle class.

Cost of accommodation in Brazil

Renting accommodation in Brazil is pricey and will likely be an expat’s biggest expense. Expats on an assignment from international companies may have a housing allowance to help offset the steep costs of housing. One way to save on accommodation is to live in a less central location, although transportation costs generally increase as a result.

Cost of groceries in Brazil

Food costs in Brazil vary. Restaurant meals are fairly expensive, while basic groceries are moderately priced. Expats who choose to eat at home can manage food costs more easily. Major cities have upscale grocery stores that carry a wide range of imported items.

Shopping at local markets for basics, such as bread, grains, produce and meat, yields the lowest grocery prices. Locally produced food is almost always more affordable. So, in cities on the coast, seafood will be more economical, while beef and pork will cost less in inland farming regions.

Cost of entertainment in Brazil

Entertainment in Brazil can be relatively expensive for expats compared to some countries in South America, but it's still generally less expensive than in the US or Western Europe. As for entertainment, Brazil offers a variety of options, ranging from cultural events such as music and dance performances to outdoor activities and sports.

Nightlife is also an important aspect of Brazilian culture, with many bars and clubs offering live music, drinks and dancing. Outdoor festivals and events are also common and offer a lively and vibrant atmosphere for expats to experience.

Brazilians are lovers of beer and cachaça, the national liquor made from sugar cane. Both are readily available, as are a wide selection of wines and liquors. Prices for beer and wine are very reasonable, but imported liquors are costly. Expats can save money by purchasing some duty-free on their way into Brazil.

Cost of transport in Brazil

Transport expenses in Brazil are high. Cars cost much more in Brazil than in many other countries. Parking and insurance are also rather expensive. Expats can save on transport costs by making use of the extensive bus and metro systems in Brazil's major cities. 

Cost of education in Brazil

Expats with children will find that education costs in Brazil will rival, if not exceed, their rental expenses. Public schools in Brazil generally have a bad reputation, so expats and Brazilians with the resources to do so almost always send their children to private schools.

International schools, most often found in large cities such as Rio de Janeiro, typically charge high fees. Most expat parents feel that the cost is well justified by excellent facilities, high teaching standards and a familiar, globally recognised curriculum.

Cost of healthcare in Brazil

Brazil offers free healthcare for all permanent residents and legal citizens. Still, most expats elect to use private healthcare in Brazil as the country's public health system is underfunded and crowded. To do so, private medical insurance is highly recommended, although it can be fairly costly in Brazil. Those moving to the country on a work assignment are encouraged to negotiate a health insurance allowance as part of their contract. 

Cost of living in Brazil chart 

Prices may vary depending on location and service provider. The table below is based on average prices for São Paulo in April 2023. 

Accommodation (monthly rent)

Three-bedroom apartment in the city centre

BRL 5,500

Three-bedroom apartment outside the city centre

BRL 3,700

One-bedroom apartment in the city centre

BRL 3,000

One-bedroom apartment outside the city centre

BRL 1,800

Food and drink

Dozen eggs

BRL 12.15

Milk (1 litre)

BRL 6.40

Rice (1kg)

BRL 6.49

Loaf of white bread


Chicken breasts (1kg)

BRL 24

Pack of cigarettes (Marlboro)

BRL 12

Eating out

Three-course meal for two at a mid-range restaurant

BRL 200

Big Mac meal

BRL 35

Coca-Cola (330ml)

BRL 6.42


BRL 8.89

Bottle of beer (local)

BRL 12


Mobile call rate (per minute – mobile to mobile)

BRL 1.57

Internet (uncapped ADSL or cable – average per month)

BRL 111

Basic utilities (average per month for a standard household)

BRL 352


Taxi rate/km


City-centre public transport fare

BRL 4.50

Gasoline (per litre)

BRL 5.47

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