Transport and Driving in Pakistan
Although there has been much improvement in Pakistan's public transport infrastructure in recent years, safety remains a major concern when it comes to getting around. Not only have there been terrorist attacks aimed directly at public transport, including trains and buses, but traffic congestion can reach epic proportions in Pakistani cities, and the country's drivers have a reputation for being reckless.
Expats moving to Pakistan should use public transport with extreme caution or ideally avoid it altogether, if possible. Most opt to hire a car with a driver instead, which is usually arranged and paid for by their employer.
Public transport in Pakistan
Trains operate within and between Pakistani cities, and are a popular means of getting around the country. However, trains have been the target of terrorist attacks in the past and expats should avoid train travel where possible.
Buses are the most popular means of intercity transport and most cities also have domestic bus services. Bus travel is relatively cheap and it’s not necessary to book ahead as passengers usually pay the bus driver directly upon boarding the bus.
There are numerous safety concerns when it comes to bus travel; buses tend to be overcrowded and have been the target of terrorist attacks in Pakistan. Expats would do well to avoid bus travel.
Auto-rickshaws are a popular option for getting around in Pakistani cities. However, it’s best to negotiate a fare before getting into the rickshaw to avoid being overcharged or disputing the fee later. Due to the pollution caused by auto-rickshaws in Pakistani cities, the government has clamped down on their operations, and some older models have been banned and replaced with more modern, less noisy and more environmentally friendly models.
Taxis in Pakistan
Taxis are available in all cities. Taxi drivers have been known to scam unsuspecting foreigners, so it’s best to negotiate the fare and ensure that the driver switches the meter on before embarking on a journey. Female expats should avoid travelling in taxis on their own, especially at night. It is safer to arrange a taxi ahead of time via the telephone rather than hailing one from the street.
Driving in Pakistan
Due to numerous safety concerns, most expats in Pakistan choose not to drive themselves and prefer to hire a car with a driver. This is a prerequisite for many foreign executives and diplomats in Pakistan. Many are even accompanied by an armed escort.
Carjackings are common and expats should avoid travelling at night, when the danger is increased. Carjackings have also been linked to kidnappings of foreigners in Pakistan.
Air travel in Pakistan
There are daily flights between all major Pakistani cities, including Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore. The main airlines include Pakistan International Airlines, SereneAir and Airblue. Due to the safety and security concerns surrounding Pakistani public transport, air travel is the recommended option for intercity travel.