While the overall standard of healthcare in Greece is generally high, the public sector is often undermined by issues such as corruption, mismanagement and a lack of funding.
In an attempt to streamline the system and fight corruption, the Greek government has introduced universal social security numbers and electronic prescriptions and has also channelled resources to Greece's larger hospitals.
Public healthcare in Greece
Public hospitals in Greece are largely adequate and home to professionals who do their best to deliver quality care. However, the bureaucracy and culture of corruption in the public healthcare sector significantly reduces the quality of care. There are also long waiting periods.
While some hospitals in more remote locations on islands may provide a lower standard of healthcare, the best public hospitals – usually concentrated in the major cities – offer care of a high standard. It is often the case that expats who require more sophisticated care than island hospitals can provide will be transported to a hospital in Athens or Thessaloniki.
Most medical staff in Greece will speak some level of English, though this may differ based on their position and the location of the hospital.
EU citizens can use their European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) to access state healthcare during a short-term visit. UK citizens can make use of their Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC), which replaced the EHIC for UK citizens post-Brexit.
Private healthcare in Greece
Private healthcare in Greece is generally considered to be superior to the public alternative. Greece's private medical facilities are typically less affected by the country's economic situation and have newer equipment. Moreover, doctors and nurses in private hospitals are more likely to speak English. Some Greek private hospitals even have affiliations with US hospitals or those in other countries, and their staff will have had at least some form of overseas training.
Expats who would prefer to go to a private hospital in Greece would do well to have a private healthcare policy, since they will be responsible for the full cost of their treatment.
Health insurance in Greece
Expats who work in Greece make compulsory contributions to the public healthcare system, as do their employers. These contributions give expats access to the public system.
Private healthcare services are popular among those who can afford them, and expats with the means to do so are advised to take out a private medical insurance policy to cover costs.
Pharmacies in Greece
Pharmacies in Greece are normally marked by a green cross. They are widely available, especially in larger cities, and are generally a reliable first line of defence against illness. Many Greek pharmacists will speak English and are capable diagnosticians who may save expats a trip to the doctor.
Emergency services in Greece
Public ambulances are widely available in larger cities, but access may be restricted on some islands and rural areas. In these cases, private ambulances, helicopters and taxis may be legitimate alternatives depending on the situation.
General emergency: 112
►For more information on keeping safe and healthy in the country, see our Safety in Greece page
"Healthcare has its positives and negatives. It is nice because many medications don't need a prescription from the doctor, but finding a good doctor if you need one can be difficult. They have private and public doctors/medical clinics." See Bree's interview about expat life in Greece.
"If you're dealing with public health care – get ready to see it all. If you can pay for private healthcare – you may also have an array of surprises, but most of the time the level of professionalism is equal to what you may be used to at home." Yadira shares her experience as a Puerto Rican expat living in Greece.
Are you an expat living in Greece?
Expat Arrivals is looking for locals to contribute to this guide, and answer forum questions from others planning their move to Greece. Please contact us if you'd like to contribute.
Expat Health Insurance
If you’re thinking about taking out private health insurance, our trusted partner Cigna Global is very aware of all the difficulties that expats can face when it comes to healthcare in a new location, so they have created a range of international health insurance plans specifically designed for expats, which you can tailor exactly to the needs and ensure access to quality care for you and your family.
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