Expats looking for work in Austria will find that their nationality will very much affect their ability to secure a job. EU citizens can legally work in Austria without having to obtain a work permit. However, those from outside the EU (known as "third-party nationals") will need to show that they can fill gaps in sectors lacking skilled workers.

Job market in Austria

Many engineering and construction jobs feature in Austria's list of shortage occupations, so expats with skills, qualifications and experience in these areas will have a good chance at finding work. 

Lower-level posts in the internationally acclaimed tourism industry are also materialising. Western Austria's winter sports region draws sporting enthusiasts of all ages and nationalities, and it follows that restaurant workers, chefs and housekeeping staff are in demand, especially during the peak season between November and March.

Otherwise, though Vienna claims some leading corporations in the finance and consulting sectors, jobs in these areas are scarce for expats.

Finding work in Austria

Austria is often thought of as old-fashioned, and finding work in Austria requires following traditional job-hunting routes.

Online job sites and classifieds do exist, but employers and job-seekers alike prefer to rely on print publication and the very comprehensive services of the Arbeitsmarktservice. The latter is a highly informative resource that expats can use to familiarise themselves with Austria's labour laws, work contracts and work culture.

Expats applying to work in Austria should draft both their letter of application (a cover letter) and their resume in German unless otherwise specified by the position in question. This is the official language and lingua franca of the country, though English is the dominant corporate language.

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